Simple present tense with ‘be’

Here’s the positive form (positive means a normal sentence, not a negative or a question. This is sometimes called ‘affirmative’)

Positive       ساختار مثبت
Positive Short Form           ساختار مثبت مخفف
I am
I‘m                       من هستم
you are
you‘re                شما هستید
he is
he‘s                       او(مذکر)
she is
she‘s                    او(مونث)
it is
it‘s                      این هست
we are
we‘re                    ماهستیم
they are 
they‘re                آنها هستند      

Next, here’s the negative. It’s very easy. You only add ‘not’.

Negative Negative short form
I am not I‘m not
you are not you aren’t
he is not he isn’t
she is not she isn’t
it is not it isn’t
we are not we aren’t
they are not they aren’t

And finally let’s talk about the question form of the present simple with ‘be’.

Firstly, here’s the ‘yes / no’ question form:

Yes / No Questions

am I ?

are you ?

is he ?

is she ?

is it ?

are we ?

are they ?

Yes/No questions – be (am, are, is)

Subject and verb change their position in statement and question.

  • Sentence :  You are from Germany.
  • Question :  Are you from Germany?

We always use the short answer, not only Yes or No.


If the answer is Yes, we always use the long form. → Example: Yes, I am.

If the answer is No, we either use the long or the contracted form (short form). → Example: No, I am not → No, I‘m not.

If you’d like to make a ‘wh’ question, you just put the question word at the front:

Wh Questions
where am I ?
what are you ?
why is he ?
who is she ?
when are we ?
how are they ?

Questions with question words – be (am , are , is)

Question word Verb Subject Rest Answer
Where are you from? I am from Stuttgart.
I‘m from Stuttgart.
What is your name? My name is Peter.
How are Jack and Jill? They are fine.
They‘re fine.